欢迎来到
银狐的个人博客

对美国犹太人的最新调查揭示了他们的担忧、优势和分歧

虽然有迹象表明美国犹太人在政治上存在两极分化,但调查也发现了达成共识的领域。例如,超过80%的人说他们至少感觉到一些属于犹太人的感觉,四分之三的人说“做犹太人”对他们来说非常重要或有些重要

皮尤询问受访者,在各种原因和活动中,哪些是“必要的”、“重要但不重要的”或“不重要的”,对他们来说,犹太人意味着什么。超过70%的人说,记住大屠杀和过道德和伦理生活是必不可少的,59%的人说,为社会正义而工作。

加州恩西诺的保守派犹太教堂贝思沙洛姆山谷的拉比诺亚法卡斯说,他希望犹太裔美国人能够保持团结,即使他们的队伍多样化,许多人放弃了宗教仪式。

他在电子邮件中说:“我们必须找到足够灵活和有说服力的方法,让犹太人愿意在更广泛的社区投入时间和资源。”因此,对我来说,斗争不是身份认同,而是犹太生活的实践,以及当别人试图把我们分开时,我们如何把一个社区团结在一起。”

哈西德组织Chabad Lubavitch的媒体主管拉比Motti Seligson表示,由于年轻的东正教犹太人队伍依然强大,他感到自豪和乐观。然而,他赞扬了其他不认同宗教信仰但仍然信奉犹太文化和传统的年轻人。

他说:“他们正在避开宗派关系的旧结构,选择一种犹太人的生活方式,这种生活方式是独一无二的,但最终与他们的人民和遗产相联系。”。

皮尤的调查是通过网络和邮件进行的;向所有受访者提出的问题的误差幅度为正负3个百分点。

———

美联社宗教报道通过对话美国得到礼来基金会的支持。美联社对此内容全权负责。

Orthodox Jews stand apart in this regard. They are among the most religious groups in U.S. society in terms of the share — 86% — who say religion is very important in their lives, compared with 78% of Black Protestants and 76% of white evangelicals.

According to Pew, 9% of U.S. Jews describe themselves as Orthodox. Far more belong to the two long-dominant branches of American Judaism: 37% identify as Reform and 17% as Conservative. More than one in four don’t identify with any particular branch yet consider themselves to be Jewish ethnically, culturally or by family background.

Interfaith marriage is commonplace: 42% of married Jewish adults said they had a non-Jewish spouse, according to Pew.

Jacobs said he wants Reform congregations to embrace this phenomenon rather than view it as a sign of demise.

“Intermarriage can expand who’s part of the Jewish community,” he said. “You see Black, brown, Asian families choosing to be a part of Jewish life.”

Pew found evidence that the U.S. Jewish population is becoming more racially and ethnically diverse. Overall, 92% of Jewish adults identify as non-Hispanic white, and 8% identify with all other categories combined. But among Jews ages 18 to 29, that figure rises to 15%.

Pew’s survey suggests other generational changes are unfolding. For example, among Jews ages 18 to 29, 17% self-identify as Orthodox, compared with just 3% of those 65 and older. And among Jewish adults under 30, 37% identify with either Reform or Conservative Judaism, compared with about 70% of those 65 and older.

Politically, U.S. Jews on the whole tend to support the Democratic Party. In the survey, which was conducted months before the 2020 election, 71% said they were Democrats or leaned Democratic.

But Orthodox Jews have moved in the opposite direction: 75% of them said they were Republicans or leaned Republican, compared with 57% in 2013. And 86% of them rated Donald Trump’s handling of policy toward Israel as “excellent” or “good,” while a majority of all U.S. Jews described it as “only fair” or “poor.”

While there are signs of political polarization among U.S. Jews, the survey also found areas of consensus. For instance, more than 80% say they feel at least some sense of belonging to the Jewish people, and three-quarters say “being Jewish” is very or somewhat important to them.

Pew asked respondents which of various causes and activities are “essential,” “important but not essential” or “not important” to what being Jewish means to them. More than 70% said remembering the Holocaust and leading a moral and ethical life are essential, and 59% cited working for social justice.

Rabbi Noah Farkas of Valley Beth Shalom, a Conservative synagogue in Encino, California, said he hopes Jewish Americans can maintain solidarity even as their ranks diversify and many forego religious observance.

“It is our imperative to find ways to be nimble and compelling enough for the Jews to want to invest their time and resources in the broader community,” he said via email. “So the struggle for me is not the identity, but the practice of Jewish life and how we hold a community together when others are trying to tear us apart.”

Rabbi Motti Seligson, media director of the Hasidic organization Chabad-Lubavitch, expressed pride and optimism as the ranks of young Orthodox Jews remain robust. Yet he commended other young adults who don’t identify as religious but still embrace Jewish culture and traditions.

“They are eschewing the old construct of denominational affiliation and choosing a Jewish lifestyle that is uniquely their own yet ultimately connected to their people and heritage,” he said.

Pew’s survey was conducted online and by mail; the margin of error for questions posed to all respondents was plus or minus 3 percentage points.

———

Associated Press religion coverage receives support from the Lilly Endowment through The Conversation U.S. The AP is solely responsible for this content.

赞(0) 打赏
版权声明:本文采用知识共享 署名4.0国际许可协议 [BY-NC-SA] 进行授权
文章名称:《对美国犹太人的最新调查揭示了他们的担忧、优势和分歧》
文章链接:https://www.yinhu3.com/423.html
本站资源仅供个人学习交流,请于下载后24小时内删除,不允许用于商业用途,否则法律问题自行承担。
如果文章侵犯到你的权益,请查看本站免责声明:《免责声明》

评论 抢沙发

  • 昵称 (必填)
  • 邮箱 (必填)
  • 网址

愿意请我喝杯矿泉水吗

支付宝扫一扫打赏